Growing your own organic fruits and vegetables is a great way to know what your food contains and where it comes from. While gardening without the use of pesticides and herbicides can seem like it might be hard to to do, if you have the right information, it can actually be very easy and rewarding. This article will show you how it can be done.
There are many benefits to using only natural fertilizers in your organic garden. These natural fertilizers like compost and organic materials, help encourage creatures like native earthworms. Earthworms are natural tillers, they greatly improve your soil's conditions by conditioning it, and they also help to manufacture great fertilizer for your garden.
If you have a problem with rabbits getting into your vegetable garden, try this simple and organic solution to get rid of the sweet creatures. Just use 2 tablespoons of cayenne pepper in a quart of water, strained into a spray bottle and add a teaspoon of horticultural oil. The oil will make the pepper spray stick to the plants. Spray your plants periodically and you will never see a rabbit again eating your vegetables.
Use compost to improve the quality of your soil. Compost comes from the breakdown of natural vegetation, and it is organic. It improves the structure of your soil by making it less dense, thus allowing better water permeability. Compost can also be used to balance the pH level of your soil.
Use organic material to mulch your trees and flower beds. When using an organic material it will help to conserve the water, and adds nutrients and humus to your plants. Using three inches of organic material will also help discourage weeds, and adds a nice finished appearance to all your plants.
Enclosing your garden, say, in a hothouse or greenhouse will help you to keep pests out of your garden. The invasive plants, animals, and bugs are less likely to be able to get in. The problem is, greenhouses can be expensive. On the other hand, you gain the ability to plant all year round too, which can help offset the costs.
An organic alternative to chemical fertilizer is compost. You can make your own compost by using fruits, vegetables and other organic wastes from your home. Compost gives your soil the nutrients it needs and improves its structure.
Pick the right plants. Certain plants will have an easier time germinating than others, and will guarantee a better harvest for the beginning organic gardener. Good choices include hardy varieties of cabbage, cauliflower, and herbs, but of course, you have to choose those plants which are going to do well in your climate.
Cover bare spots when you plant. When you put a new plant into your organic garden, do not leave the earth bare where you planted. Make sure you mulch the area all around your new plant. This will protect it while it begins to grow. This will also keep the ground moist.
You need to be aware of the levels of the soil in your organic garden. Check your compost balances for both acid and alkaline soils. This kind of compost can bring PH levels into an optimum range for more nutrients. It generally contains micro-nutrients such as iron and manganese that tend to be absent in most synthetic fertilizers.
Aerate your compost pile with PVC pipes. An ideal compost pile should be about 3 to 4 feet high, but it needs aeration throughout the pile. By installing a perforated pipe you can avoid the routine of constantly turning the pile over. If you add a perforated pipe in the center of the compost pile, air will flow freely, helping decomposition.
Make sure that you take special care of new plants that you recently planted in your organic garden. There should be no visible bare soil around any new plants. Always take care to cover them with a layer of some kind of mulch or any coarse or loose organic material.
Make your own compost. If you create your own compost at home, you can be absolutely certain of what goes into it, unlike if you purchase bags of compost from a gardening store. In addition, composting in your yard will attract helpful native wildlife such as insects that will balance the ecosystem of your garden.
Stay out of your garden after it has rained or whenever it is wet. Diseases and bacteria thrive and spread more easily in damp environments. Bacteria can easily attach to your shoes as you walk through the wet garden and be transferred from plant to plant. Instead, wait until the soil is dry to enter your garden.
As you can see, growing your own garden, free from the chemicals that other foods contain, is not only easy to do, but you will have a wonderful, healthy crop of food that you can eat yourself, or share with family and friends. Make sure you tell them what they are eating.